The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) recommendations from 20101 are the most up-to-date and definitive guidance for the nutritional requirements of preterm infants under 1800g, and are the leading guidelines followed by Nutricia when addressing the nutritional needs of preterm infants. ESPGHAN also provide commentary and guidance for the nutritional needs of preterm born infants once they are discharged from hospital, including nutritional support for those with suboptimal growth2.
European Milk Bank Association
Human milk is acknowledged as the best nutrition for all infants, including preterm infants, however its nutritional composition is not adapted to their specific needs. Human milk provides unique immune protection and developmental outcome benefits but supplies insufficient amounts of a large number of nutrients when fed at the usual preterm volumes – and as such human milk
fortification is addressed in both ESPGHAN commentaries. The European Milk Bank Association also provide a dedicated review and recommendations for human milk fortification in preterm infants3.